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Mycobacterium tuberculosis Lineages Associated with Mutations and Drug Resistance in Isolates from India.

Published version
Peer-reviewed

Type

Article

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Authors

Shanmugam, Siva Kumar 
Kumar, Narender 
Sembulingam, Tamilzhalagan 
Ramalingam, Suresh Babu 
Selvaraj, Ashok 

Abstract

Current knowledge on resistance-conferring determinants in Mycobacterium tuberculosis is biased toward globally dominant lineages 2 and 4. In contrast, lineages 1 and 3 are predominant in India. In this study, we performed whole-genome sequencing of 498 MDR M. tuberculosis isolates from India to determine the prevalence of drug resistance mutations and to understand the genomic diversity. A retrospective collection of 498 M. tuberculosis isolates submitted to the National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis for phenotypic susceptibility testing between 2014 to 2016 were sequenced. Genotypic resistance prediction was performed using known resistance-conferring determinants. Genotypic and phenotypic results for 12 antituberculosis drugs were compared, and sequence data were explored to characterize lineages and their association with drug resistance. Four lineages were identified although lineage 1 predominated (43%). The sensitivity of prediction for isoniazid and rifampicin was 92% and 98%, respectively. We observed lineage-specific variations in the proportion of isolates with resistance-conferring mutations, with drug resistance more common in lineages 2 and 3. Disputed mutations (codons 430, 435, 445, and 452) in the rpoB gene were more common in isolates other than lineage 2. Phylogenetic analysis and pairwise SNP difference revealed high genetic relatedness of lineage 2 isolates. WGS based resistance prediction has huge potential, but knowledge of regional and national diversity is essential to achieve high accuracy for resistance prediction. IMPORTANCE Current knowledge on resistance-conferring determinants in Mycobacterium tuberculosis is biased toward globally dominant lineages 2 and 4. In contrast, lineages 1 and 3 are predominant in India. We performed whole-genome sequencing of 498 MDR M. tuberculosis isolates from India to determine the prevalence of drug resistance mutations and to understand genomic diversity. Four lineages were identified although lineage 1 predominated (43%). The sensitivity of prediction for isoniazid and rifampicin was 92% and 98%, respectively. We observed lineage-specific variations in the proportion of isolates with resistance-conferring mutations, with drug resistance more common in lineages 2 and 3. Disputed mutations (codons 430, 435, 445, and 452) in the rpoB gene were more common in isolates other than lineage 2. Phylogenetic analysis and pairwise SNP difference revealed high genetic relatedness of lineage 2 isolates. WGS based resistance prediction has huge potential, but knowledge of regional and national diversity is essential to achieve high accuracy for resistance prediction.

Description

Keywords

Mycobacterium tuberculosis, drug resistance, lineage, whole-genome sequencing, Antitubercular Agents, Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial, Humans, India, Isoniazid, Microbial Sensitivity Tests, Mutation, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Phylogeny, Retrospective Studies, Rifampin, Tuberculosis, Lymph Node, Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant

Journal Title

Microbiol Spectr

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

2165-0497
2165-0497

Volume Title

10

Publisher

American Society for Microbiology