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Human-centred artificial intelligence for mobile health sensing: challenges and opportunities

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Spathis, Dimitris 
Ghosh, Abhirup 
Mascolo, Cecilia 


Advances in wearable sensing and mobile computing have enabled the collection of health and well-being data outside of traditional laboratory and hospital settings, paving the way for a new era of mobile health. Meanwhile, artificial intelligence (AI) has made significant strides in various domains, demonstrating its potential to revolutionize healthcare. Devices can now diagnose diseases, predict heart irregularities and unlock the full potential of human cognition. However, the application of machine learning (ML) to mobile health sensing poses unique challenges due to noisy sensor measurements, high-dimensional data, sparse and irregular time series, heterogeneity in data, privacy concerns and resource constraints. Despite the recognition of the value of mobile sensing, leveraging these datasets has lagged behind other areas of ML. Furthermore, obtaining quality annotations and ground truth for such data is often expensive or impractical. While recent large-scale longitudinal studies have shown promise in leveraging wearable sensor data for health monitoring and prediction, they also introduce new challenges for data modelling. This paper explores the challenges and opportunities of human-centred AI for mobile health, focusing on key sensing modalities such as audio, location and activity tracking. We discuss the limitations of current approaches and propose potential solutions.


Peer reviewed: True

Publication status: Published


mobile health, artificial intelligence for health, wearable sensing

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Royal Society Open Science

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The Royal Society
H2020 European Research Council (Project 833296)
Wellcome Trust Project (213939)