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External childcare and socio-behavioral development in Switzerland: Long-term relations from childhood into young adulthood.

Published version
Peer-reviewed

Type

Article

Change log

Authors

Eisner, Manuel 

Abstract

This study examined early external childcare in relation to development from age 7 to 20. A Swiss sample was used (N = 1,225; 52% male). Development included multi-informant-reported externalizing behavior, internalizing problems, prosocial behavior, delinquency, and substance use. Growth curve models revealed that, dependent on the informant, time in a daycare center was related to increased externalizing and internalizing problems until at least age 11. It was not related to delinquency. Roughly three days per week at a daycare mother or playgroup was related to increased externalizing behavior. External family care was associated with increased prosocial behavior. Finally, time in a daycare center was associated with fewer externalizing but more internalizing problems and substance use for children from vulnerable backgrounds. This relation with substance use lasted to age 20.

Description

Funder: Canton of Zurich Ministry of Education


Funder: Swiss Federal Office of Public Health


Funder: Jacobs Foundation


Funder: Julius Baer Foundation

Keywords

Adolescent, Adult, Child, Child Behavior Disorders, Child Care, Female, Humans, Male, Mothers, Substance-Related Disorders, Switzerland, Young Adult

Journal Title

PLoS One

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

1932-6203
1932-6203

Volume Title

17

Publisher

Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Sponsorship
Swiss National Science Foundation (69025)
Swiss National Science Foundation (116829)