Repository logo

Objectively measured sedentary time, physical activity and kidney function in people with recently diagnosed Type 2 diabetes: a prospective cohort analysis.



Change log


Guo, V Yw 
Ekelund, U 
Griffin, SJ 
Simmons, RK 


AIM: To assess the prospective association between objectively measured physical activity and kidney function over 4 years in people with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Individuals (120 women and 206 men) participating in the ADDITION-Plus trial underwent assessment of sedentary time (SED-time), time spent in moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) and total physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) using a combined heart rate and movement sensor, and kidney function [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), serum creatinine and urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR)] at baseline and after 4 years of follow-up. Multivariate regression was used to quantify the association between change in SED-time, MVPA and PAEE and kidney measures at four-year follow-up, adjusting for change in current smoking status, waist circumference, HbA1c , systolic blood pressure, triglycerides and medication usage. RESULTS: Over 4 years, there was a decline in eGFR values from 87.3 to 81.7 ml/min/1.73m(2) (P < 0.001); the prevalence of reduced eGFR (eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73m(2) ) increased from 6.1 to 13.2% (P < 0.001). There were small increases in serum creatinine (median: 81-84 μmol/l, P < 0.001) and urine ACR (median: 0.9-1.0 mg/mmol, P = 0.005). Increases in SED-time were associated with increases in serum creatinine after adjustment for MVPA and cardiovascular risk factors (β = 0.013, 95% CI: 0.001, 0.03). Conversely, increases in PAEE were associated with reductions in serum creatinine (β = -0.001, 95% CI: -0.003, -0.0001). CONCLUSION: Reducing time spent sedentary and increasing overall physical activity may offer intervention opportunities to improve kidney function among individuals with diabetes. (Trial Registry no. ISRCTN 99175498).



Adult, Aged, Albuminuria, Cohort Studies, Creatinine, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Disease Progression, Energy Metabolism, Exercise, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Glomerular Filtration Rate, Humans, Hypoglycemic Agents, Linear Models, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Prospective Studies, Renal Insufficiency, Chronic, Sedentary Behavior, Time Factors

Journal Title

Diabet Med

Conference Name

Journal ISSN


Volume Title


Medical Research Council (MC_UU_12015/3)
Medical Research Council (MC_UU_12015/4)
Medical Research Council (G0001164)
NIHR Central Commissioning Facility (NIHRDH-RP-PG-0606-1259)
Wellcome Trust (061895/Z/00/Z)
Medical Research Council (MC_U106179474)
Medical Research Council (MC_U106179473)
NIHR Evaluation Trials and Studies Coordinating Centre (08/116/300)
The trial is supported by the Medical Research Council (grant reference no. G0001164), the Wellcome Trust (grant reference no. G061895), National Health Service R&D support funding (including the Primary Care Research and Diabetes Research Networks) and National Institute of Health Research under its Programme Grants for Applied Research scheme (RP-PG-0606-1259). SJG was a member of the NIHR School for Primary Care Research. The Primary Care Unit is supported by NIHR Research funds. The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the National Health Service, the NIHR, or the UK Department of Health. VYG was supported by Global Scholarship Programme for Research Excellence-CNOOC grant from the Chinese University of Hong Kong.