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Lipidome Profiling in Childhood Obesity Compared to Adults: A Pilot Study.

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Soria-Gondek, Andrea; orcid: 0000-0002-7210-0073 
Fernández-García, Pablo; orcid: 0000-0001-8018-5954 
González, Lorena 
Reyes-Farias, Marjorie 
Murillo, Marta 


The objective is to assess the circulating lipidome of children with obesity before and after lifestyle intervention and to compare the data to the circulating lipidome of adults with obesity before and after bariatric surgery. Ten pediatric (PE) and thirty adult (AD) patients with obesity were prospectively recruited at a referral single center. The PE cohort received lifestyle recommendations. The AD cohort underwent bariatric surgery. Clinical parameters and lipidome were analyzed in serum before and after six months of metabolic intervention. The abundance of phosphatidylinositols in the PE cohort and phosphatidylcholines in the AD significantly increased, while O-phosphatidylserines in the PE cohort and diacyl/triacylglycerols in the AD decreased. Fifteen lipid species were coincident in both groups after lifestyle intervention and bariatric surgery. Five species of phosphatidylinositols, sphingomyelins, and cholesteryl esters were upregulated. Eight species of diacylglycerols, glycerophosphoglycerols, glycerophosphoethanolamines, and phosphatidylcholines were downregulated. Most matching species were regulated in the same direction except for two phosphatidylinositols: PI(O-36:2) and PI(O-34:0). A specific set of lipid species regulated after bariatric surgery in adult individuals was also modulated in children undergoing lifestyle intervention, suggesting they may constitute a core circulating lipid profile signature indicative of early development of obesity and improvement after clinical interventions regardless of individual age.



Childhood Obesity, Lipidomics, Bariatric Surgery, Humans, Sphingomyelins, Phosphatidylcholines, Phosphatidylinositols, Pilot Projects, Adult, Child, Pediatric Obesity

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Instituto de Salud Carlos III (PI20/00807)
National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) (146281)
Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología (IJC2018-037142-I)