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A case of infantile Barth syndrome with severe heart failure: Importance of splicing variants in the TAZ gene.

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Ueki, Masahiro 
Abe, Jiro 
Maeta, Kazuhiro 
Horiguchi, Tomoko 


Barth syndrome (BTHS) is an X-linked disorder characterized by cardiomyopathy, skeletal myopathy, and 3-methylglutaconic aciduria. The causative pathogenic variants for BTHS are in TAZ, which encodes a putative acyltransferase named tafazzin and is involved in the remodeling of cardiolipin in the inner mitochondrial membranes. Pathogenic variants in TAZ result in mitochondrial structural and functional abnormalities. We report a case of infantile BTHS with severe heart failure, left ventricular noncompaction, and lactic acidosis, having a missense c.640C>T (p.His214Tyr) variant in TAZ, which is considered a pathogenic variant based on the previously reported amino acid substitution at the same site (c.641A>G, p.His214Arg). However, in this previously reported case, heart function was compensated and not entirely similar to the present case. Silico prediction analysis suggested that c.640C>T could alter the TAZ messenger RNA (mRNA) splicing process. TAZ mRNAs in isolated peripheral mononuclear cells from the patient and in vitro splicing analysis using minigenes of TAZ found an 8 bp deletion at the 3' end of exon 8, which resulted in the formation of a termination codon in the coding region of exon 9 (H214Nfs*3). These findings suggest that splicing abnormalities should always be considered in BTHS.



Barth syndrome, cardiomyopathy, left ventricular noncompaction, minigene, splicing variants, Humans, Barth Syndrome, Cardiomyopathies, Heart Defects, Congenital, Heart Failure, Transcription Factors

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Mol Genet Genomic Med

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