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Flat-sky angular power spectra revisited

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jats:titleAbstract</jats:title> jats:pWe revisit the flat-sky approximation for evaluating the angular power spectra of projected random fields by retaining information about the correlations along the line of sight. For the case of projections with broad, overlapping radial window functions, these line-of-sight correlations are suppressed and are ignored in the commonly adopted Limber approximation. However, retaining the correlations is important for narrow window functions or unequal-time spectra but introduces significant computational difficulties due to the highly oscillatory nature of the integrands involved. We deal with the integral over line-of-sight wave-modes in the flat-sky approximation analytically, using the FFTlog expansion of the 3D power spectrum. This results in an efficient computational method, which is a substantial improvement compared to any full-sky approaches. We apply our results to galaxy clustering (with and without redshift-space distortions), CMB lensing and galaxy lensing observables in a flat ΛCDM universe. In the case of galaxy clustering, we find excellent agreement with the full-sky results on large (percent-level agreement) and intermediate or small (subpercent agreement) scales, dramatically out-performing the Limber approximation for both wide and narrow window functions, and in equal- and unequal-time cases. In the cases of lensing, we show on the full-sky that the angular power spectrum of the lensing convergence can be very well approximated by projecting the 3D Laplacian (rather than the correct angular Laplacian) of the gravitational potential, even on large scales. Combining this approximation with our flat-sky techniques provides an efficient and accurate evaluation of the CMB lensing angular power spectrum on all scales. We further analyse the clustering and lensing angular power spectra by isolating the projection effects due to the observable- and survey-specific window functions, separating them from the effects due to integration along the line of sight and unequal-time mixing in the 3D power spectrum. All of the angular power spectrum results presented in this paper are obtained using a Python code implementation, which we make publicly available.</jats:p>



galaxy clustering, power spectrum, weak gravitational lensing

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Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics

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IOP Publishing