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Evaluating the impacts of a large-scale voluntary REDD+ project in Sierra Leone

Published version
Peer-reviewed

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Abstract

jats:titleAbstract</jats:title>jats:pCarbon offsets from the REDD+ (reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation) framework to protect forests are expected to see a 100-fold increase in market value by 2050. However, independent causal impact evaluations are scarce and only a few studies assess benefits to communities themselves, a core objective of REDD+. Following a pre-analysis plan, we use a before-after-control-intervention (BACI) framework to evaluate the impact of a large-scale voluntary REDD+ project in Sierra Leone—the Gola project. We use a panel of both satellite images and household surveys to provide causal evidence of the impact of the project on local deforestation rates and socioeconomic indicators over the first 5 yr of its implementation. We find that REDD+ slowed deforestation by 30% relative to control communities while not changing economic wellbeing and conservation attitudes. We find suggestive evidence that the programme increased the value of alternative income sources, by shifting labour away from forest-dependent farming activities. A cost-to-carbon calculation shows that REDD+ led to 340,000 tCOjats:sub2</jats:sub> in avoided emissions per year, with an estimated cost of US$1.12 per averted tCOjats:sub2</jats:sub>. Our study contributes to developing an evidence base for voluntary REDD+ projects and offers a robust approach to carry out BACI assessments.</jats:p>

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Acknowledgements: We thank the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) and the Gola Rainforest Conservation LG (not for profit company), BirdLife International, E. Mokuwa, P. Richards and M. Ross for their collaboration in this project. We thank GCRF QR at the University of Cambridge and NWO for financial support (grant VI.Vidi.191.154 received by M.V.). We acknowledge the loyalty and hard work of the team of field enumerators and the patience and cooperation of interviewees.

Keywords

40 Engineering, 41 Environmental Sciences, 15 Life on Land

Journal Title

Nature Sustainability

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Journal ISSN

2398-9629
2398-9629

Volume Title

7

Publisher

Springer Science and Business Media LLC