Semisimple extensions of the Standard Model gauge algebra
We show how one may classify all semisimple algebras containing the su(3) su(2) u(1) symmetry of the Standard Model and acting on some given matter sector, enabling theories beyond the Standard Model with unification (partial or total) of symmetries (gauge or global) to be cataloged. With just a single generation of Standard Model fermions plus a singlet neutrino, the only gauge symmetries correspond to the well-known algebras su(5), so(10), and su(4) su(2) su(2), but with two or more generations a limited number of exotic symmetries mixing flavor, color, and electroweak degrees of freedom become possible. We provide a complete catalog in the case of three generations or fewer and outline how our method generalizes to cases with additional matter.
Science and Technology Facilities Council (ST/S505316/1)