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Trajectories of interleukin 10 and heart fatty acid-binding protein levels in traumatic brain injury patients with or without extracranial injuries.

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Niiranen, Toni JU 
Chiollaz, Anne-Cécile 
Takala, Riikka SK 
Voutilainen, Miko 
Tenovuo, Olli 


BACKGROUND: Interleukin 10 (IL-10) and heart fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) have gained interest as diagnostic biomarkers of traumatic brain injury (TBI), but factors affecting their blood levels in patients with moderate-to-severe TBI are largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the trajectories of IL-10 and H-FABP between TBI patients with and without extracranial injuries (ECI); to investigate if there is a correlation between the levels of IL-10 and H-FABP with the levels of inflammation/infection markers C-reactive protein (CRP) and leukocytes; and to investigate if there is a correlation between the admission level of H-FABP with admission levels of cardiac injury markers, troponin (TnT), creatine kinase (CK), and creatine kinase MB isoenzyme mass (CK-MBm). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The admission levels of IL-10, H-FABP, CRP, and leukocytes were measured within 24 h post-TBI and on days 1, 2, 3, and 7 after TBI. The admission levels of TnT, CK, and CK-MBm were measured within 24 h post-TBI. RESULTS: There was a significant difference in the concentration of H-FABP between TBI patients with and without ECI on day 0 (48.2 ± 20.5 and 12.4 ± 14.7 ng/ml, p = 0.02, respectively). There was no significant difference in the levels of IL-10 between these groups at any timepoints. There was a statistically significant positive correlation between IL-10 and CRP on days 2 (R = 0.43, p < 0.01) and 7 (R = 0.46, p = 0.03) after injury, and a negative correlation between H-FABP and CRP on day 0 (R = -0.45, p = 0.01). The levels of IL-10 or H-FABP did not correlate with leukocyte counts at any timepoint. The admission levels of H-FABP correlated with CK (R = 0.70, p < 0.001) and CK-MBm (R = 0.61, p < 0.001), but not with TnT. CONCLUSION: Inflammatory reactions during the early days after a TBI do not significantly confound the use of IL-10 and H-FABP as TBI biomarkers. Extracranial injuries and cardiac sources may influence the levels of H-FABP in patients with moderate-to-severe TBI.


Peer reviewed: True


C-reactive protein, H-FABP, extracranial injury, interleukin-10, traumatic brain injury

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Front Neurol

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Frontiers Media SA