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"Pathotyping" Multiplex PCR Assay for Haemophilus parasuis: a Tool for Prediction of Virulence.

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Weinert, Lucy A 
Peters, Sarah E 
Wang, Jinhong 
Hernandez-Garcia, Juan 


Haemophilus parasuis is a diverse bacterial species that is found in the upper respiratory tracts of pigs and can also cause Glässer's disease and pneumonia. A previous pangenome study of H. parasuis identified 48 genes that were associated with clinical disease. Here, we describe the development of a generalized linear model (termed a pathotyping model) to predict the potential virulence of isolates of H. parasuis based on a subset of 10 genes from the pangenome. A multiplex PCR (mPCR) was constructed based on these genes, the results of which were entered into the pathotyping model to yield a prediction of virulence. This new diagnostic mPCR was tested on 143 field isolates of H. parasuis that had previously been whole-genome sequenced and a further 84 isolates from the United Kingdom from cases of H. parasuis-related disease in pigs collected between 2013 and 2014. The combination of the mPCR and the pathotyping model predicted the virulence of an isolate with 78% accuracy for the original isolate collection and 90% for the additional isolate collection, providing an overall accuracy of 83% (81% sensitivity and 93% specificity) compared with that of the "current standard" of detailed clinical metadata. This new pathotyping assay has the potential to aid surveillance and disease control in addition to serotyping data.



Haemophilus parasuis, molecular diagnostics, pathotyping, virulence factors, Animals, Genome, Haemophilus Infections, Haemophilus parasuis, Molecular Diagnostic Techniques, Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction, Swine, Swine Diseases, Virulence

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J Clin Microbiol

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American Society for Microbiology
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BB/G019274/1)
Royal Society (DH140195)
Wellcome Trust (109385/Z/15/Z)