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Resolving the Ultrafast Charge Carrier Dynamics of 2D and 3D Domains within a Mixed 2D/3D Lead-Tin Perovskite

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Peer-reviewed

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Article

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Authors

Hutchinson, JD 
Ruggeri, E 
Woolley, JM 
Delport, G 
Stranks, SD 

Abstract

jats:titleAbstract</jats:title>jats:pMixed 2D/3D perovskite materials are of particular interest to the photovoltaics and light‐ emitting diode (LED) communities due to their impressive opto‐electronic properties alongside improved moisture stability compared to conventional 3D perovskite absorbers. Here, a mixed lead‐tin perovskite containing distinct, self‐assembled domains of either 3D structures or highly phase‐pure Ruddlesden–Popper 2D structures is studied. The complex energy landscape of the material is revealed with ultrafast optical transient absorption measurements. It is shown that charge transfer between these microscale domains only occurs on nanosecond timescales, consistent with the large size of the domains. Using optical pump‐terahertz probe spectroscopy, the effective charge‐carrier mobility is shown to be an intermediary between analogous pure 2D and 3D perovskites. Furthermore, detailed analysis of the free carrier recombination dynamics is presented. By combining results from a range of excitation wavelengths within a full dynamic model of the photoexcited carrier population, it is shown that the 2D domains in the film exhibit remarkably similar carrier dynamics to the 3D domains, suggesting that long‐range charge‐transport should not be impeded by the heterogeneous structure of the material.</jats:p>

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Keywords

perovskites, photon recycling, recombination, Ruddlesden-Popper, terahertz, ultrafast

Journal Title

Advanced Functional Materials

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

1616-301X
1616-3028

Volume Title

Publisher

Wiley
Sponsorship
European Research Council (756962)
EPSRC (1948703)
Royal Society (UF150033)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/R023980/1)