Reduced Barrier for Ion Migration in Mixed-Halide Perovskites.

Change log

Halide alloying in metal halide perovskites is a useful tool for optoelectronic applications requiring a specific bandgap. However, mixed-halide perovskites show ion migration in the perovskite layer, leading to phase segregation and reducing the long-term stability of the devices. Here, we study the ion migration process in methylammonium-based mixed-halide perovskites with varying ratios of bromide to iodide. We find that the mixed-halide perovskites show two separate halide migration processes, in contrast to pure-phase perovskites, which show only a unique halide migration component. Compared to pure-halide perovskites, these processes have lower activation energies, facilitating ion migration in mixed versus pure-phase perovskites, and have a higher density of mobile ions. Under illumination, we find that the concentration of mobile halide ions is further increased and notice the emergence of a migration process involving methylammonium cations. Quantifying the ion migration processes in mixed-halide perovskites shines light on the key parameters allowing the design of bandgap-tunable perovskite solar cells with long-term stability.

perovskite, ion migration, phase segregation, mixed halide, transient ion drift, activation energy, halide, methylammonium
Journal Title
ACS Appl Energy Mater
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/S030638/1)