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Fossil fuel subsidies: a briefing for education unions



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This policy brief explores the fossil fuels-education relationship by combining the most comprehensive recent data on fossil fuels from the IMF fossil fuel database with educational performance and potential confounding factors from the World Bank World Development Indicators databases, resulting in a dataset of 1651 observations after omitting country-years with missing data, spanning 176 countries from 2010 to 2020. Our two-level regression model (consisting of country-years nested in countries) analyses whether, and if so, how, fossil fuel spending influences a range of key educational indicators including enrollment in primary school education and attainment of primary, secondary, tertiary and higher education rates across countries’ school aged populations, while accounting for a range of national conditions that could influence education.



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Education International

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