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Natural history of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in cats from rehoming centers: The CatScan II study.

Published version
Peer-reviewed

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The natural history of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in cats has been mainly studied in cats referred for suspected heart disease, which can skew the results towards cats with clinical signs. Few data are available on factors associated with development of HCM in cats. HYPOTHESES: (1) Clinical variables can predict which cats will develop HCM; (2) HCM in cats not referred for suspected heart disease is associated with a low rate of cardiovascular events. ANIMALS: One hundred seven cats from rehoming centers without a history of clinical signs of cardiac or systemic disease at the time of adoption. METHODS: Prospective longitudinal study. After rehoming, shelter cats were reexamined for serial echocardiograms. Cox regression analysis was used to identify predictors of development of HCM in cats that were normal at baseline. Adverse cardiovascular events including heart failure, thromboembolism, or sudden death were recorded. RESULTS: Cats were monitored for a median of 5.6 [1.2-9.2] years. At baseline, 68/107 cats were normal, 18/107 were equivocal and 21/107 had HCM. Nineteen cats developed HCM during the study period. The factors at baseline associated with increased hazard of developing HCM were lower left atrial fractional shortening, higher left ventricular fractional shortening, and higher body weight. Cardiovascular events were observed in 21% of cats with HCM. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Cardiovascular events were common in cats with HCM from a rehoming center study sample. Lower left atrial systolic function appears to precede overt HCM.

Description

Funder: Everts Luff Feline Endowment


Funder: IDEXX Laboratories


Funder: Petplan Charitable Trust; Id: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100009449

Keywords

dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, left atrial fractional shortening, left atrial function, predictors of HCM, shelter cats, systolic anterior motion, Cats, Animals, Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic, Prospective Studies, Longitudinal Studies, Echocardiography, Heart Atria, Cat Diseases

Journal Title

J Vet Intern Med

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

0891-6640
1939-1676

Volume Title

Publisher

Wiley
Sponsorship
Petplan Charitable Trust, Everts Luff Feline Endowment and IDEXX Laboratories