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Design Optimization of a Hybrid Trapped Field Magnet Lens (HTFML)

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The concept of a hybrid trapped field magnet lens (HTFML) was recently proposed by the authors, which consists of a trapped field magnet (TFM) cylinder exploiting the “vortex pinning effect,” combined with a superconducting bulk magnetic lens exploiting the “diamagnetic shielding effect.” This HTFML can generate, within its bore, a magnetic field higher than the applied magnetic field, even after external field decreases to zero. In this paper, a design optimization of the inner GdBaCuO magnetic lens within the GdBaCuO TFM cylinder was carried out using numerical simulations based on the finite element method, in order to maximize the concentrated magnetic field. The HTFML with an optimized shape and size achieved a concentrated magnetic field of Bc = 5.6 and 12.8 T at the center of the lens for applied magnetic fields of Bapp = 3 and 10 T, respectively. A maximum tensile stress of +135 MPa exists in the outer GdBaCuO TFM cylinder during the magnetizing process for Bapp = 10 T, which exceeds the fracture strength of the bulk. This result suggests that mechanical reinforcement is necessary to avoid mechanical fracture under such high magnetic field conditions.



Hybrid trapped field magnet lens (HTFML), mechanical stress, numerical simulation, REBaCuO bulk superconductor, trapped field magnets

Journal Title

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity

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Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/P020313/1)
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (15K04646)