Analysis of hydrogen diffusion in the three stage electro-permeation test

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Raina, A 
Deshpande, VS 
Martínez-Pañeda, E 

jats:titleAbstract</jats:title>jats:pThe presence of hydrogen traps within a metallic alloy influences the rate of hydrogen diffusion. The electro-permeation (EP) test can be used to assess this: the permeation of hydrogen through a thin metallic sheet is measured by suitable control of hydrogen concentration on the front face and by recording the flux of hydrogen that exits the rear face. Additional insight is achieved by the more sophisticated three stage EP test: the concentration of free lattice hydrogen on the front face is set to an initial level, is then dropped to a lower intermediate value and is then restored to the initial level. The flux of hydrogen exiting the rear face is measured in all three stages of the test. In the present study, a transient analysis is performed of hydrogen permeation in a three stage EP test, assuming that lattice diffusion is accompanied by trapping and de-trapping. The sensitivity of the three stage EP response to the depth and density of hydrogen traps is quantified. A significant difference in permeation response can exist between the first and third stages of the EP test when the alloy contains a high number density of deep traps.</jats:p>

Electro-permeation, Hydrogen embrittlement, Lattice diffusion coefficient, Trap binding energy, Trap density
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Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics
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Springer Science and Business Media LLC