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Unifying O(3) equivariant neural networks design with tensor-network formalism

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Pengmei, Z 
Zheng, H 
Thiede, E 


jats:titleAbstract</jats:title> jats:pMany learning tasks, including learning potential energy surfaces from jats:italicab initio</jats:italic> calculations, involve global spatial symmetries and permutational symmetry between atoms or general particles. Equivariant graph neural networks are a standard approach to such problems, with one of the most successful methods employing tensor products between various tensors that transform under the spatial group. However, as the number of different tensors and the complexity of relationships between them increase, maintaining parsimony and equivariance becomes increasingly challenging. In this paper, we propose using fusion diagrams, a technique widely employed in simulating SU(2)-symmetric quantum many-body problems, to design new spatial equivariant components for neural networks. This results in a diagrammatic approach to constructing novel neural network architectures. When applied to particles within a given local neighborhood, the resulting components, which we term ‘fusion blocks,’ serve as universal approximators of any continuous equivariant function defined on the neighborhood. We incorporate a fusion block into pre-existing equivariant architectures (Cormorant and MACE), leading to improved performance with fewer parameters on a range of challenging chemical problems. Furthermore, we apply group-equivariant neural networks to study non-adiabatic molecular dynamics of stilbene cis-trans isomerization. Our approach, which combines tensor networks with equivariant neural networks, suggests a potentially fruitful direction for designing more expressive equivariant neural networks.</jats:p>



46 Information and Computing Sciences, 4611 Machine Learning, Bioengineering

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Machine Learning: Science and Technology

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IOP Publishing