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Did China Import Metals from Africa in the Bronze Age?

Accepted version
Peer-reviewed

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Type

Article

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Authors

Liu, S 
Chen, KL 
Rehren, Th 
Mei, JJ 
Chen, JL 

Abstract

jats:pThe origins of the copper, tin and lead for China's rich Bronze Age cultures are a major topic in archaeological research, with significant contributions being made by archaeological fieldwork, archaeometallurgical investigations and geochemical considerations. Here, we investigate a recent claim that the greater part of the Shang‐period metalwork was made using metals from Africa, imported together with the necessary know‐how to produce tin bronze. A brief review of the current status of lead isotopic study on Shang‐period bronze artefacts is provided first, clarifying a few key issues involved in this discussion. It is then shown that there is no archaeological or isotopic basis for bulk metal transfer between Africa and China during the Shang period, and that the copper and lead in Shang bronze with a strongly radiogenic signature is not likely to be from Africa. We call for collaborative interdisciplinary research to address the vexing question of the Shang period's metal sources, focusing on smelting sites in geologically defined potential source regions and casting workshops identified at a number of Shang settlements.</jats:p>

Description

Keywords

lead isotopes, highly radiogenic lead, Shang bronze, provenance

Journal Title

ARCHAEOMETRY

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

0003-813X
1475-4754

Volume Title

60

Publisher

Wiley