Factors associated with mortality in older patients sustaining pelvic or acetabular fractures.

Change log
Ordas-Bayon, Alejandro 
Chimutengwende-Gordon, Mukai 
Fortune, Mary 
Chou, Daud 

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate potential factors, including delay to surgical stabilisation, affecting mortality in older patients sustaining pelvic or acetabular (PA) fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of the Trauma Audit and Research Network (TARN) database was performed to identify older patients (aged 65 and over) sustaining PA fractures treated surgically in a UK Major Trauma Centre (MTC) between 2015 and 2019. Chi-squared and Fisher tests were used to compare 1-year mortality rates following operative intervention between patients treated within 72 h and after 72 h. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to visualise survival probability; significant predictors of survival were found using Cox proportional hazard models. RESULTS: Of 564 older patients with PA fractures, 70 met the inclusion criteria. The mean age was 76.1 years. The overall 1-year mortality rate was 20%. When patients were grouped by time to surgery (fracture fixation within or greater than 72 h), there was no statistically significant difference in 1-year mortality. Patients whose surgery was delayed more than 72 h were more likely to have longer hospital stays (p = 0.002) or to have suffered from polytrauma (p = 0.025). Age, Charlson Co-morbidities Index (CCI) and pre-op mobility status were associated with statistically significant differences in overall mortality. The same factors were associated with a significantly increased hazard of death in the multivariate Cox proportional hazards model. Patient gender, mechanism of injury, Injury Severity Score (ISS) > 15 and head injury were not significant predictors of mortality. CONCLUSION: Surgical intervention within 72 h of injury did not result in decreased mortality in older patients with PA fractures. The 1-year mortality rate between older PA fractures and hip fractures was comparable. Consideration should be given to a combined multidisciplinary approach between orthogeriatric and expert PA surgeons for these patients.

Acetabular fracture, Geriatric trauma, Mortality, Pelvic fracture, Aged, Fracture Fixation, Fractures, Bone, Hip Fractures, Humans, Injury Severity Score, Multiple Trauma, Neck Injuries, Retrospective Studies, Spinal Fractures
Journal Title
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Springer Science and Business Media LLC