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Weak LQG metrics and Liouville first passage percolation

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Dubédat, Julien 
Falconet, Hugo 
Pfeffer, Joshua 
Sun, Xin 


Abstract: For γ∈(0, 2), we define a weakγ-Liouville quantum gravity (LQG) metric to be a function h↦Dh which takes in an instance of the planar Gaussian free field and outputs a metric on the plane satisfying a certain list of natural axioms. We show that these axioms are satisfied for any subsequential limits of Liouville first passage percolation. Such subsequential limits were proven to exist by Ding et al. (Tightness of Liouville first passage percolation for γ∈(0, 2), 2019. ArXiv e-prints, arXiv:1904.08021). It is also known that these axioms are satisfied for the 8/3-LQG metric constructed by Miller and Sheffield (2013–2016). For any weak γ-LQG metric, we obtain moment bounds for diameters of sets as well as point-to-point, set-to-set, and point-to-set distances. We also show that any such metric is locally bi-Hölder continuous with respect to the Euclidean metric and compute the optimal Hölder exponents in both directions. Finally, we show that LQG geodesics cannot spend a long time near a straight line or the boundary of a metric ball. These results are used in subsequent work by Gwynne and Miller which proves that the weak γ-LQG metric is unique for each γ∈(0, 2), which in turn gives the uniqueness of the subsequential limit of Liouville first passage percolation. However, most of our results are new even in the special case when γ=8/3.


Funder: Columbia University Minerva fund


Article, Liouville quantum gravity, Gaussian free field, LQG metric, Liouville first passage percolation, 60D05 (geometric probability), 60G60 (random fields)

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Probability Theory and Related Fields

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Springer Berlin Heidelberg
National Science Foundation (DMS-1512853, 1122374)
National Science Foundation (DMS-181109)
Simons Foundation (Junior fellowship)