Can molecular simulations reliably compare homogeneous and heterogeneous ice nucleation?
In principle, the answer to the posed titular question is undoubtedly 'yes.'
But in practice, requisite reference data for homogeneous systems have been obtained with a treatment of intermolecular interactions that is different from that typically employed for heterogeneous systems. In this article, we assess the impact of the choice of truncation scheme when comparing water in homogeneous and inhomogeneous environments. Specifically, we use explicit free energy calculations and a simple mean field analysis to demonstrate that using the 'cut-and-shift' version of the Lennard-Jones potential (common to most simple point charge models of water) results in a systematic increase in the melting temperature of ice I