An experimental study of the effects of lobed nozzles on installed jet noise

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Dowling, AP 

jats:sec jats:titleAbstract</jats:title> jats:pJet noise remains a significant aircraft noise contributor, and for modern high-bypass-ratio aero-engines the strong interaction between the jet and aircraft wing leads to intensified installed jet noise. An experiment is carried out in this paper to study the effects of lobed nozzles on installed jet noise. It is found that the lobed nozzles, compared to round nozzles, have similar effects on installed jet noise for all the plate positions and Mach numbers tested. On the shielded side of the plate, the use of lobed nozzles leads to a noise reduction in the intermediate- and high-frequency regimes, which is thought to be due to a combination of enhanced jet mixing and more effective shielding effects by the flat plate. On the reflected side of the plate, noise reduction is only achieved in the intermediate frequency range; the little noise reduction or a slight noise increase observed in the high-frequency regime is likely due to enhanced jet mixing. On both sides of the plates, little noise reduction is achieved for the low-frequency noise due to the scattering of jet instability waves. This is likely to be caused by the fact that lobed nozzles cause negligible change to the dominant mode 0 (axisymmetric) jet instability waves. That the jet mean flow quickly becomes axisymmetric downstream of the jet exit could also play a role.</jats:p> </jats:sec> jats:sec jats:titleGraphic abstract</jats:title>


4012 Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Engineering, 40 Engineering, 4001 Aerospace Engineering
Journal Title
Experiments in Fluids
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Springer Science and Business Media LLC
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The first author (B. Lyu) wishes to gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by the Cambridge Trust and China Scholarship Council.