Focal Mechanism Analysis of the Earthquakes Beneath the Sunda-Banda Arc Transition, Indonesia, Using the BMKG Data


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Authors
Supendi, P 
Rawlinson, N 
Nugraha, AD 
Widiyantoro, S 
Abdullah, CI 
Abstract

jats:titleAbstract</jats:title> jats:pStructural complexity in the Sunda-Banda arc transition is a topic of much debate amongst Earth scientists. We have processed focal mechanism study using moment tensor inversion for 20 events in the region using the Agency for Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics (BMKG) data from 2014-2016 for earthquakes of magnitude Mw ≥ 5.0. Our result shows different solutions that depend on the source region of the earthquakes that include subduction zones and collision zones, which host active faults and the back-arc thrusts. Earthquakes that occurred in the subduction zone appear to rupture on thrust faults for shallow and intermediate events, while the deep events have normal fault mechanisms. The shallow events in the collision zone occur on thrust faults with differing strike directions, but generally, there are largely parallel to the Timor trough. We also found normal fault mechanisms at play for deep events below the collision zone. The occurrence of deep earthquakes in this area is consistent with remnant slab activity that persists to the present day. Focal mechanism solutions for shallow events in the north of Sumbawa island indicate a thrust fault with a strike direction that is almost parallel to the back-arc thrust in this area. We also found evidence of strike-slip motion along local-scale active faults in the area.</jats:p>

Description
Keywords
37 Earth Sciences, 3705 Geology, 3706 Geophysics
Journal Title
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
1755-1307
1755-1315
Volume Title
1031
Publisher
IOP Publishing