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The socio-ecological determinants of change in school travel mode over the transition from childhood to adolescence and the association with physical activity intensity.

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Irwin, Jessica 
van Sluijs, Esther MF 
Jones, Andy 


School active travel contributes to young people's physical activity levels, yet the prevalence is low, and declines with age. Based on determinants from the social-ecological model we investigated changes in school travel behaviour over the transition from childhood to adolescence in participants from the baseline and four-year follow-up of the SPEEDY cohort. Descriptive analysis examined how travel behaviours changed and were related to physical activity. Multinomial logistic regression investigated determinants. Some 38% of participants changed travel mode; 66% from active to passive. Passively traveling participants at follow-up showed a decrease in physical activity. Several social-ecological domains were associated with change. Findings suggest multicomponent interventions are required to support active travel in youth.



Active travel, Health behaviour, Public health, School commute, Youth physical activity, Adolescent, Child, Exercise, Humans, Schools, Transportation, Travel, Walking

Journal Title

Health Place

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Elsevier BV
Wellcome Trust (087636/Z/08/Z)
Medical Research Council (MR/K023187/1)
MRC (MC_UU_00006/7)
MRC (MC_UU_00006/5)
The data collection was undertaken by the Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR), a UKCRC Public Health Research Centre of Excellence. This work was supported by the British Heart Foundation, Cancer Research UK, Economic and Social Research Council, Medical Research Council, the National Institute for Health Research, and the Wellcome Trust, under the auspices of the UK Clinical Research Collaboration (MR/K023187/1 and MR/L501438/1), is gratefully acknowledged. None of these parties had any direct involvement with this study. Trial registration was not required.