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A Hybrid-Density Functional Theory Study of Intrinsic Point Defects in MX2 (M = Mo, W; X = S, Se) Monolayers

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jats:pDefects can strongly influence the electronic, optical, and mechanical properties of 2D materials, making defect stability under different thermodynamic conditions crucial for material–property engineering. Herein, an account of the structural and electronic characteristics of point defects in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides MXjats:sub2</jats:sub> with M = Mo/W and X = S/Se is investigated through density functional theory using the hybrid HSE06 exchange–correlation functional including many‐body dispersion corrections. For the simulation of charged defects, a charge compensation scheme based on the virtual crystal approximation (VCA) is employed. The study relates the stability and the electronic structure of charged vacancy defects in monolayer MoSjats:sub2</jats:sub> to an explicit calculation of the S monovacancy in MoSjats:sub2</jats:sub> supported on Au(111), and finds convincing indication that the defect is negatively charged. Moreover, it is shown that the finite‐temperature vibrational contributions to the free energy of defect formation can change the stability transition between adatoms and monovacancies by 300–400 K. Finally, defect vibrational properties are probed by calculating a tip‐enhanced Raman scattering image of a vibrational mode of a MoSjats:sub2</jats:sub> cluster with and without an S monovacancy.</jats:p>



charged defects, density functional theory, point defects, transition metal dichalcogenides, vibrations

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Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science

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Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (182087777)