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Unintended consequences, conflict and resilience in a small-scale irrigation development, Marakwet, Kenya

Published version
Peer-reviewed

Repository DOI


Type

Article

Change log

Authors

Davies, MIJ 
Moore, HL 
Bailengo, N 
Bernstein, M 
Cheptoo, H 

Abstract

jats:titleAbstract</jats:title>jats:pThis article examines the development, early operation and subsequent failure of the Tot-Kolowa Red Cross irrigation scheme in Kenya’s Kerio Valley. Initially conceived as a technical solution to address regional food insecurity, the scheme aimed to scale up food production through the implementation of a fixed pipe irrigation system and the provision of agricultural inputs for cash cropping. A series of unfolding circumstances, however, necessitated numerous modifications to the original design as the project became increasingly entangled with deep and complex histories of land use patterns, resource allocation and conflict. Failure to understand the complexity of these dynamics ultimately led to the project’s collapse as the region spiralled into a period of significant unrest. In tracing these events, we aim to foreground the lived realities of imposed development, including both positive and negative responses to the scheme’s participatory obligations and its wider impact on community resilience.</jats:p>

Description

Keywords

Journal Title

Africa

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

0001-9720
1750-0184

Volume Title

94

Publisher

Cambridge University Press (CUP)
Sponsorship
Isaac Newton Trust (1308(b))
Leverhulme Trust (ECF-2013-633)
Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (AH/V009281/1)
Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (AH/T00424X/1)