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The Mystery of God and the Claim of Reason: Comparative Patterns in Hindu-Christian Theodicy

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jats:titleAbstract</jats:title>jats:pIn a comparative study of jats:italickarma</jats:italic> theodicy and atonement theodicy, as developed by some Hindu and Christian theologians, this article argues that they present teleological visions where individuals become purged, purified, and perfected in and through their worldly suffering. A jats:italickarma</jats:italic> theodicy operates with the notion that there is some form of proportionality between past evil and present suffering, even if such correlations can only be traced by an enlightened sage or are known to the omniscient God. Christian mystics too seek not so much to explain suffering as to identify suffering with the agony of Christ on the cross, and they envision such suffering as part of a unitive journey where their love of Christ is purified. In these ways, both styles of theodicy use rational resources towards the goal of explanation, while reminding their adherents that the faltering intelligibility that they seek is to be seen as an integral component of their active participation in a sense of theological mystery that enfolds, and yet transcends, their finite existences.</jats:p>



Karma, Reincarnation, Atonement, Rammohun Roy, Sydney Cave, Alfred George Hogg, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Ramakr.s.n.a, Julian of Norwich

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International Journal of Hindu Studies

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Springer Science and Business Media LLC