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Quantum Biology and the Potential Role of Entanglement and Tunneling in Non-Targeted Effects of Ionizing Radiation: A Review and Proposed Model.

Published version
Peer-reviewed

Repository DOI


Change log

Authors

Matarèse, Bruno FE  ORCID logo  https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5276-5636
Rusin, Andrej 
Seymour, Colin 
Mothersill, Carmel 

Abstract

It is well established that cells, tissues, and organisms exposed to low doses of ionizing radiation can induce effects in non-irradiated neighbors (non-targeted effects or NTE), but the mechanisms remain unclear. This is especially true of the initial steps leading to the release of signaling molecules contained in exosomes. Voltage-gated ion channels, photon emissions, and calcium fluxes are all involved but the precise sequence of events is not yet known. We identified what may be a quantum entanglement type of effect and this prompted us to consider whether aspects of quantum biology such as tunneling and entanglement may underlie the initial events leading to NTE. We review the field where it may be relevant to ionizing radiation processes. These include NTE, low-dose hyper-radiosensitivity, hormesis, and the adaptive response. Finally, we present a possible quantum biological-based model for NTE.

Description

Peer reviewed: True


Publication status: Published

Keywords

adaptive response, bystander effect (RIBE), cellular communication, environmental radiation exposure, hormesis, non-targeted effects (NTE), quantum biology, quantum information, quantum physics, stressors, Bystander Effect, Signal Transduction, Radiation Tolerance, Radiation, Ionizing, Biology

Journal Title

Int J Mol Sci

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

1661-6596
1422-0067

Volume Title

24

Publisher

MDPI AG
Sponsorship
EPSRC (BB/X003620/1)