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Viscous Thread Falling on a Spinning Surface

Published version
Peer-reviewed

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Authors

Adamowicz, Ł 
Moffatt, HK 

Abstract

jats:pA rotational version of the fluid-mechanical sewing machine (FMSM) is investigated experimentally. A thin thread of silicon oil was dispensed at a constant flow rate Q from a height H and fell on a table rotating at an angular speed ω, at a distance R from the axis. In all experimental runs, the values of Q and H were kept constant while the radius R was changed manually after each full rotation. Preliminary results show that the usual stitching patterns ensue as the local linear speed V=ωR approaches the critical transition speeds seen in the FMSM scenario but with subtle asymmetries introduced by rotational (centrifugal) effects. In some instances, arcs and loops of the traces were noticeably more pronounced when directed outward compared to those pointing toward the axis of rotation. Moreover, we observed stitching patterns not reported before. Overall, the symmetry-breaking features, while clearly visible, were rather subtle. Their morphological characteristics, such as differences in local curvature of traces relative to those in FMSM, are estimated to be below 10% in most cases.</jats:p>

Description

Keywords

viscous flows, coiling instability, free-surface flows, rotating fluids

Journal Title

Symmetry

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

2073-8994
2073-8994

Volume Title

Publisher

MDPI AG