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The effects of body-worn cameras (BWCs) on police and citizen outcomes: A state-of-the-art review

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PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to review the extant of the published literature on body-worn cameras (BWCs) in policing, specifically in the context of how BWCs affect both citizens and officers. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The current study is a narrative review of the impact of BWCs on police and citizens generated through a search of four repositories (Google Scholar, Criminal Justice Abstracts, EBSCO Host, PsychInfo). FINDINGS: The current narrative review identified 21 articles that matched the selection criteria. In general, this body of research demonstrates that: the police are supportive of BWC adoption; the evidence from BWC evaluations suggests that the use of BWCs can have benefits for police-public encounters. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The practical implications derived from this narrative review suggest police administrators that the adoption and effective implementation of BWCs are one mechanism that can strengthen police-community relationships and decrease police misconduct through enhanced legitimacy and accountability. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: This study is useful for researchers who wish to further examine BWC issues in policing, for police managers/administrators who are currently utilizing BWC technology, and for those who are considering adopting BWC technology.



body-worn cameras, BWCs, police legitimacy, police accountability, police behavior

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Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management

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Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.