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Application of particle-scale modelling to the combustion of a char particle in a fluidised bed of CLOU particles

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Kwong, KY 
Dennis, JS 
Marek, EJ 


This research concerns the combustion of a biomass char in a fluidised bed of either inert silica particles or particles of a material capable of supporting combustion using chemical looping oxygen uncoupling (CLOU). An analytical solution for combustion using CLOU was developed, accounting for the chemical reactions occurring within a mass-transfer boundary layer of a finite thickness, surrounding a char particle. The reactions considered were: (1) combustion of char with oxygen to CO and CO2, (2) homogenous reaction of CO with O2, and (3) oxygen release from CLOU particles. The thickness of the boundary layer, γ, was evaluated using correlation in the literature and the combustion of the char particle was modelled as a shrinking particle. Results from the model were compared with experiments performed by combusting char from birch-wood and activated carbon in a fluidised bed (i.d. 30 mm) of either particles capable of CLOU (CuO supported on mayenite) or inert silica sand. Both types of experiments were undertaken with a partial pressure of oxygen, pO2, close to the equilibrium pressure of O2 over CuO at 1173 K, i.e. ∼0.016 bar of O2. The results from the analytical model agreed with the experimental observations from both beds. In addition to the analytical solution, fuller, numerical models were developed, in which a char particle and its surroundings were discretised in 1D to solve the mass balance equations and to assess the validity of the assumptions made in the analytical solution. To establish the range of conditions in which the analytical solution is valid, various cases were simulated. For example, char combustion and gasification in a bed of CuO-particles fluidised by CO2-rich gas. Hence, besides the validation of the analytical solution, the results of the numerical solutions provided insight into the importance of char gasification with CO2 on the overall particle conversion in CLOU at the industrial scale.



Chemical looping combustion, Fluidised bed, Biomass, BECCS, Oxygen carrier, Modelling

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Elsevier BV