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Defects in the NC2 repressor affect both canonical and non-coding RNA polymerase II transcription initiation in yeast.



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Gómez-Navarro, Natalia 
Jordán-Pla, Antonio 
Estruch, Francisco 
E Pérez-Ortín, José 


BACKGROUND: The formation of the pre-initiation complex in eukaryotic genes is a key step in transcription initiation. The TATA-binding protein (TBP) is a universal component of all pre-initiation complexes for all kinds of RNA polymerase II (RNA pol II) genes, including those with a TATA or a TATA-like element, both those that encode proteins and those that transcribe non-coding RNAs. Mot1 and the negative cofactor 2 (NC2) complex are regulators of TBP, and it has been shown that depletion of these factors in yeast leads to defects in the control of transcription initiation that alter cryptic transcription levels in selected yeast loci. RESULTS: In order to cast light on the molecular functions of NC2, we performed genome-wide studies in conditional mutants in yeast NC2 essential subunits Ydr1 and Bur6. Our analyses show a generally increased level of cryptic transcription in all kinds of genes upon depletion of NC2 subunits, and that each kind of gene (canonical or ncRNAs, TATA or TATA-like) shows some differences in the cryptic transcription pattern for each NC2 mutant. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that NC2 plays a general role in transcription initiation in RNA polymerase II genes that is related with its known TBP interchange function from free to promoter bound states. Therefore, loss of the NC2 function provokes increases in cryptic transcription throughout the yeast genome. Our results also suggest functional differences between NC2 subunits Ydr1 and Bur6.



ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters, Phosphoproteins, RNA Polymerase II, Repressor Proteins, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, TATA-Box Binding Protein, Transcription Factors, Transcription, Genetic, Transcriptome

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BMC Genomics

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Springer Science and Business Media LLC