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The CCR5 chemokine receptor mediates vasoconstriction and stimulates intimal hyperplasia in human vessels in vitro.



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Maguire, Janet J 
Jones, Katie L 
Kuc, Rhoda E 
Clarke, Murray CH 
Bennett, Martin R 


AIMS: The chemokine receptor CCR5 and its inflammatory ligands have been linked to atherosclerosis, an accelerated form of which occurs in saphenous vein graft disease. We investigated the function of vascular smooth muscle CCR5 in human coronary artery and saphenous vein, vascular tissues susceptible to atherosclerosis, and vasospasm. METHODS AND RESULTS: CCR5 ligands were vasoconstrictors in saphenous vein and coronary artery. In vein, constrictor responses to CCL4 were completely blocked by CCR5 antagonists, including maraviroc. CCR5 antagonists prevented the development of a neointima after 14 days in cultured saphenous vein. CCR5 and its ligands were expressed in normal and diseased coronary artery and saphenous vein and localized to medial and intimal smooth muscle, endothelial, and inflammatory cells. [(125)I]-CCL4 bound to venous smooth muscle with KD = 1.15 ± 0.26 nmol/L and density of 22 ± 9 fmol mg(-1) protein. CONCLUSIONS: Our data support a potential role for CCR5 in vasoconstriction and neointimal formation in vitro and imply that CCR5 chemokines may contribute to vascular remodelling and augmented vascular tone in human coronary artery and vein graft disease. The repurposing of maraviroc for the treatment of cardiovascular disease warrants further investigation.



CCR5, Human coronary artery, Maraviroc, Saphenous vein graft disease, Vasoconstriction, Atherosclerosis, Cells, Cultured, Chemokines, Endothelium, Vascular, Humans, Hyperplasia, Muscle, Smooth, Vascular, Organ Culture Techniques, Receptors, CCR5, Saphenous Vein, Tunica Intima, Vasoconstriction

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Cardiovasc Res

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Oxford University Press (OUP)
Medical Research Council (G1000847)
British Heart Foundation (None)
Medical Research Council (G0800784)
British Heart Foundation (None)
British Heart Foundation (None)