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The regulation of health data sharing in Africa: a comparative study.

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Nienaber McKay, Annelize G  ORCID logo
Brand, Dirk 
Botes, Marietjie 
Cengiz, Nezerith 
Swart, Marno 


The sharing of health data is an essential component in the provision of healthcare, in medical research, and disease surveillance. Health data sharing is subject to regulatory frameworks that vary across jurisdictions. In Africa, numerous factors complicate the regulation of health data sharing, including technological, motivational, economic, and political barriers, as well as ethical and legal challenges. This comparative study examines the regulation of health data sharing in Africa by comparing and contrasting the legal and policy frameworks of five African countries. The study identifies gaps and inconsistencies in the current regulatory regimes and provides recommendations for improving the regulation of health data sharing in Africa.


Acknowledgements: Research reported in this publication was supported by the US National Institute of Mental Health of the US National Institutes of Health under award number U01MH127704. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.

Funder: National Institutes of Health; DOI:


Africa, comparative study, data governance, data sharing, health data, policy

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J Law Biosci

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Oxford University Press (OUP)
US National Institute of Mental Health (U01MH127704)