Repository logo
 

Structural Color in Marine Algae

Accepted version
Peer-reviewed

Type

Article

Change log

Authors

Chandler, CJ 
Wilts, BD 
Brodie, J 

Abstract

jats:pStructural coloration is widespread in the marine environment. Within the large variety of marine organisms, macroalgae represent a diverse group of more than 24 000 species. Some macroalgae have developed complex optical responses using different nanostructures and material compositions. In this review, we describe the mechanisms that are employed to produce structural color in algae and provide a discussion on the functional relevance by analyzing the geographical distribution and ecology in detail. In contrast to what is observed in the animal kingdom, we hypothesize that structural color in algae predominantly functions for a non‐communicative purpose, most likely protection from radiation damage, e.g., by harmful UV light. We suggest that the presence of structural color in algae is likely influenced by local factors such as radiation intensity and turbidity of the water.</jats:p>

Description

Keywords

iridescence, photonic structures, biogeography, radiation protection, colour

Journal Title

Advanced Optical Materials

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

2195-1071
2195-1071

Volume Title

5

Publisher

Wiley
Sponsorship
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BB/K014617/1)
European Research Council (639088)
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (Grant ID: BBSRC David Phillips, 13 BB/K014617/1), European Research Council (Grant ID: ERC-2014-STG H2020 639088), Department of Chemistry, Cambridge (Philip and Patricia Brown Next Generation Fellowship), National Centre of Competence in Research “Bio-Inspired Materials”, Adolphe Merkle Foundation