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Supramolecular template-directed synthesis of triazole oligomers.

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Fasano, Francesco 
Bolgar, Peter 
Iadevaia, Giulia 
Hunter, Christopher A  ORCID logo


Sandwich complexes formed by two zinc porphyrins and a diamine ligand (DABCO) have been used as a supramolecular template to direct the synthesis of triazole oligomers. Monomer units equipped with two polymerizable functional groups, an alkyne and an azide, were attached to the template via ester bonds between a phenol unit on the monomer and benzoic acid units on the porphyrin. Self-assembly of the zinc porphyrins by addition of DABCO led to a supramolecular complex containing four of the monomer units, two on each porphyrin. CuAAC oligomerisation was carried out in the presence of a chain capping agent to prevent intermolecular reactions between the templated products, which carry reactive chain ends. The templated-directed oligomerisation resulted in selective formation of a duplex, which contains two identical chains of triazole oligomers connecting the porphyrin linkers. The effective molarity for the intramolecular CuAAC reactions on the template is 3-9 mM, and because the triazole backbone has a direction, the product duplex was obtained as a 4 : 1 mixture of the parallel and antiparallel isomers. Hydrolysis of the ester bonds connecting the oligomers to the template gave a single product, the phenol 2-mer, in excellent yield. The introduction of a supramolecular element into the template considerably broadens the scope of the covalent template-directed oligomerisation methodology that we previously developed for the replication of sequence information in synthetic oligomers.



3402 Inorganic Chemistry, 3403 Macromolecular and Materials Chemistry, 3405 Organic Chemistry, 34 Chemical Sciences

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Chem Sci

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Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
European Research Council (320539)
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) ERC (101018984)
European Research Council for grants ERC-2012- AdG 320539-duplex and ERC-2020-AdG 101018984-InfoMols, and the Herchel Smith Fund