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Cell-of-origin-specific proteomics of extracellular vesicles.

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Peer-reviewed

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Article

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Authors

Kehrloesser, Sebastian 
Elliott, Thomas S 
Ernst, Russell J 
Machel, Anne C 

Abstract

The ability to assign cellular origin to low-abundance secreted factors in extracellular vesicles (EVs) would greatly facilitate the analysis of paracrine-mediated signaling. Here, we report a method, named selective isolation of extracellular vesicles (SIEVE), which uses cell type-specific proteome labeling via stochastic orthogonal recoding of translation (SORT) to install bioorthogonal reactive groups into the proteins derived from the cells targeted for labeling. We establish the native purification of intact EVs from a target cell, via a bioorthogonal tetrazine ligation, leading to copurification of the largely unlabeled EV proteome from the same cell. SIEVE enables capture of EV proteins at levels comparable with those obtained by antibody-based methods, which capture all EVs regardless of cellular origin, and at levels 20× higher than direct capture of SORT-labeled proteins. Using proteomic analysis, we analyze nonlabeled cargo proteins of EVs and show that the enhanced sensitivity of SIEVE allows for unbiased and comprehensive analysis of EV proteins from subpopulations of cells as well as for cell-specific EV proteomics in complex coculture systems. SIEVE can be applied with high efficiency in a diverse range of existing model systems for cell-cell communication and has direct applications for cell-of-origin EV analysis and for protein biomarker discovery.

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Keywords

cell-specific labeling, extracellular vesicles, intercellular signaling, proteomics

Journal Title

PNAS Nexus

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

2752-6542
2752-6542

Volume Title

2

Publisher

Oxford University Press (OUP)