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Retrospective evaluation of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in 68 dogs.

Published version
Peer-reviewed

Type

Article

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Authors

Côté, Etienne 
Luis-Fuentes, Virginia  ORCID logo  https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8076-3806

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of clinical data on hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in dogs. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To investigate signalment, clinical signs, diagnostic findings, and survival in dogs with HCM. ANIMALS: Sixty-eight client-owned dogs. METHODS: Retrospective multicenter study. Medical records were searched between 2003 and 2015. The diagnosis of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy was made by echocardiographic examination. RESULTS: Three hundred and forty-five dogs with LV hypertrophy were identified, of which 277 were excluded. The remaining 68 dogs were 0.3 to 14 years old and predominantly <10 kg (85%), and without a sex predilection. Twenty-four % were Shih Tzu and 24% terrier breeds. Most (80%) had a systolic heart murmur. Owner-determined exercise intolerance (37%) and syncope (18%) were most commonly reported signs. The majority (84%) of dogs had symmetrical LV hypertrophy, whereas asymmetrical septal and LV free wall hypertrophy was observed in 9% and 6% of dogs, respectively. Isolated basal interventricular septal hypertrophy was not observed. Commonly recorded were systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve (60%) and LV diastolic dysfunction (89% of dogs where diastolic function was evaluated). Six dogs died unexpectedly, and 3 developed congestive heart failure. Known survival times were between 1 day and 114 months after diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in dogs should be considered as a differential diagnosis if LV hypertrophy is identified. Small breed dogs are overrepresented, and it is uncommon for dogs with HCM to develop CHF although sudden death can occur.

Description

Keywords

HCM, LV hypertrophy, canine, dynamic outflow tract obstruction, veterinary, Animals, Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic, Dog Diseases, Dogs, Echocardiography, Heart Failure, Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular, Retrospective Studies, Ventricular Dysfunction, Left

Journal Title

J Vet Intern Med

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

0891-6640
1939-1676

Volume Title

36

Publisher

Wiley