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Archaeological Observations on the Cambourne Rising Main.


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Authors

Kenny, David 

Abstract

An archaeological watching brief, was carried out in early July 1999 over two fields adjacent to the linear (possibly Medieval) earthwork which defines the current and historical boundary between the Boxworth and Childerley estates, west of Cambridge. The work involved monitoring topsoil stripping of an 8m easement (Figure 1) for the Cambourne Rising Main pipeline. In the northernmost field a small fragment from the rim of a 13th century ceramic bowl was recovered close to a small undefined spread of burnt clay and charcoal (Figure 2). No other finds or features were found in this field. Throughout the whole area no features associated with the earthwork were identified. The southernmost field slopes from 64m OD in the north and 64.5m OD in the south to a near central depression at 62.0m OD adjacent to and west of Wood Walk Spinney. This depression defines the location of a former pond, backfilled by the farmer in 1963/4 (Figure 2). Approximately 30m south of the pond machining uncovered the purported remains of a brick or tile kiln. Managed woodland and water in the area, the natural brickearth resource and the proximity of the brick-built Childerley Hall, suggests an agro-industrial complex producing wicker for the estate and bricks/tiles perhaps for a particular phase of building at the Hall. The complex transgresses the historical estate boundary raising issues of past land ownership and boundary change and the discovery of the kiln and former pond offers a reinterpretation of the embanked pond (SMR No.03611) forming the western square-shaped section of Wood Walk Spinney.

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Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge

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