The relationship between plasma biomarkers and amyloid PET in dementia with Lewy bodies.


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Article
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Authors
Donaghy, Paul C 
Firbank, Michael 
Petrides, George 
Lloyd, Jim 
Barnett, Nicola 
Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Amyloid-β (Aβ) deposition is common in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and has been associated with more rapid disease progression. An effective biomarker that identified the presence of significant brain Aβ in people with DLB may be useful to identify and stratify participants for research studies and to inform prognosis in clinical practice. Plasma biomarkers are emerging as candidates to fulfil this role. METHODS: Thirty-two participants with DLB had brain amyloid (18F-florbetapir) PET, of whom 27 also had an MRI to enable the calculation of 18F-florbetapir SUVR. Plasma Aβ42/40, phosphorylated tau (p-tau181), glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and neurofilament light (NfL) were measured using single molecule array (Simoa). The plasma biomarkers were investigated for correlation with 18F-florbetapir SUVR, discriminant ability to identify Aβ-positive cases based on a predefined SUVR threshold of 1.10 and correlation with subsequent cognitive decline over one year. RESULTS: All four plasma markers significantly correlated with 18F-florbetapir SUVR (|β| = 0.40-0.49; p < .05). NfL had the greatest area under the receiver operating characteristic curve to identify Aβ-positive cases (AUROC 0.84 (95% CI 0.66, 1); β = 0.46, p = .001), whereas Aβ42/40 had the smallest (AUROC 0.73 (95% CI 0.52, 0.95); β = -0.47, p = .01). Accuracy was highest when combining all four biomarkers (AUROC 0.92 (95% CI 0.80, 1)). Lower plasma Aβ42/40 was significantly associated with more rapid decline in cognition (β = 0.53, p < .01). CONCLUSIONS: Plasma biomarkers have the potential to identify Aβ deposition in DLB. Further work in other cohorts is required to determine and validate optimal cut-offs for these biomarkers.

Description
Keywords
Amyloid, Biomarker, Blood, Dementia with Lewy bodies, Glial fibrillary acidic protein, Neurofilament light, Tau, Amyloid beta-Peptides, Amyloidosis, Biomarkers, Cognitive Dysfunction, Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein, Humans, Lewy Body Disease, Neurofilament Proteins, Peptide Fragments, Positron-Emission Tomography, tau Proteins
Journal Title
Parkinsonism Relat Disord
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
1353-8020
1873-5126
Volume Title
Publisher
Elsevier BV