Ultra-thin GaAs solar cells with nanophotonic metal-dielectric diffraction gratings fabricated with displacement Talbot lithography

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jats:titleAbstract</jats:title>jats:pUltra‐thin photovoltaics enable lightweight flexible form factors, suitable for emerging terrestrial applications such as electric vehicle integration. These devices also exhibit intrinsic radiation tolerance and increased specific power and so are uniquely enabling for space power applications, offering longer missions in hostile environments and reduced launch costs. In this work, a GaAs solar cell with an 80‐nm absorber is developed with short circuit current exceeding the single pass limit. Integrated light management is employed to compensate for increased photon transmission inherent to ultra‐thin absorbers, and efficiency enhancement of 68% over a planar on‐wafer equivalent is demonstrated. This is achieved using a wafer‐scale technique, displacement Talbot lithography, to fabricate a rear surface nanophotonic grating. Optical simulations definitively confirm Fabry‐Perot and waveguide mode contributions to the observed increase in absorption and also demonstrate a pathway to short circuit current of 26 mA/cmjats:sup2</jats:sup>, well in excess of the double pass limit.</jats:p>

ultra-thin, GaAs, nanophotonic, displacement talbot lithography
Journal Title
Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications
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UK Space Agency (Unknown)
European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) ERC (853365)
EPSRC (2104603)
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/L015978/1)
H2020 European Research Council, Grant/Award Number: 853365 UK Space Agency, Grant/Award Number: PF2-012 Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, Grant/Award Number: EP/L015978/1, EP/M015181/1 and EP/M022862/1 Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología Cambridge Trust The Isaac Newton Trust