Macrodiolide Formation by the Thioesterase of a Modular Polyketide Synthase.

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Zhou, Yongjun 
Prediger, Patrícia 
Dias, Luiz Carlos 
Murphy, Annabel C 
Leadlay, Peter F 

Elaiophylin is an unusual C2-symmetric antibiotic macrodiolide produced on a bacterial modular polyketide synthase assembly line. To probe the mechanism and selectivity of diolide formation, we sought to reconstitute ring formation in vitro by using a non-natural substrate. Incubation of recombinant elaiophylin thioesterase/cyclase with a synthetic pentaketide analogue of the presumed monomeric polyketide precursor of elaiophylin, specifically its N-acetylcysteamine thioester, produced a novel 16-membered C2-symmetric macrodiolide. A linear dimeric thioester is an intermediate in ring formation, which indicates iterative use of the thioesterase active site in ligation and subsequent cyclization. Furthermore, the elaiophylin thioesterase acts on a mixture of pentaketide and tetraketide thioesters to give both the symmetric decaketide diolide and the novel asymmetric hybrid nonaketide diolide. Such thioesterases have potential as tools for the in vitro construction of novel diolides.

Biosynthese, Diolide, Elaiophylin, Polyketid-Synthase, Thioesterase
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Angew Chem Weinheim Bergstr Ger
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We gratefully acknowledge BBSRC (project grant BB/J007250/1 to P.F.L.), the European Commission (Marie Curie Fellowship to Y.Z.), and the University of Cambridge (Herchel Smith Research Fellowship to A.C.M.) and Dr. Katherine Stott (Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge) for help in AUC analysis. L.C.D. acknowledges the support of Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP, Proc. 2012/04616-3 and 2012/02230-0). P.F.L. is an International Research Awardee of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.