Principles of RNA recruitment to viral ribonucleoprotein condensates in a segmented dsRNA virus.

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Strauss, Sebastian 
Acker, Julia 
Desirò, Daniel 

Rotaviruses transcribe 11 distinct RNAs that must be co-packaged prior to their replication to make an infectious virion. During infection, nontranslating rotavirus transcripts accumulate in cytoplasmic protein-RNA granules known as viroplasms that support segmented genome assembly and replication via a poorly understood mechanism. Here, we analysed the RV transcriptome by combining DNA-barcoded smFISH of rotavirus-infected cells. Rotavirus RNA stoichiometry in viroplasms appears to be distinct from the cytoplasmic transcript distribution, with the largest transcript being the most enriched in viroplasms, suggesting a selective RNA enrichment mechanism. While all 11 types of transcripts accumulate in viroplasms, their stoichiometry significantly varied between individual viroplasms. Accumulation of transcripts requires the presence of 3' untranslated terminal regions and viroplasmic localisation of the viral polymerase VP1, consistent with the observed lack of polyadenylated transcripts in viroplasms. Our observations reveal similarities between viroplasms and other cytoplasmic RNP granules and identify viroplasmic proteins as drivers of viral RNA assembly during viroplasm formation.


Funder: Max Planck Institute for Biochemistry

RNA imaging, RNA viruses, biochemistry, biomolecular condensates, chemical biology, infectious disease, microbiology, ribonucleoproteins, viruses, Virus Replication, Ribonucleoproteins, Viral Nonstructural Proteins, Cell Line, Rotavirus, RNA, RNA, Viral
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eLife Sciences Publications, Ltd
European Research Council (680241, MolMap 680241)
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (SFB1032)
Wellcome Trust (103068/Z/13/Z, 213437/Z/18/Z)