Perspective: Maintaining surface-phase purity is key to efficient open air fabricated cuprous oxide solar cells

Change log
Hoye, RLZ 
Brandt, RE 
Ievskaya, Y 
Heffernan, S 
Musselman, KP 

jats:pElectrochemically deposited Cu2O solar cells are receiving growing attention owing to a recent doubling in efficiency. This was enabled by the controlled chemical environment used in depositing doped ZnO layers by atomic layer deposition, which is not well suited to large-scale industrial production. While open air fabrication with atmospheric pressure spatial atomic layer deposition overcomes this limitation, we find that this approach is limited by an inability to remove the detrimental CuO layer that forms on the Cu2O surface. Herein, we propose strategies for achieving efficiencies in atmospherically processed cells that are equivalent to the high values achieved in vacuum processed cells.</jats:p>

40 Engineering, 4016 Materials Engineering, 4018 Nanotechnology
Journal Title
APL Materials
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
AIP Publishing
European Research Council (247276)
The authors acknowledge funding from the Cambridge Commonwealth, European and International Trusts (R.L.Z.H. and Y.I.), Rutherford Foundation of New Zealand (R.L.Z.H.), an NSF Graduate Research Fellowship (R.E.B.), EPSRC of the UK (S.H.), University of Cambridge EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Nanoscience (S.H.), Girton College Cambridge (K.P.M.), an NSF CAREER Award ECCS-1150878 (T.B.), the National Research Foundation Singapore through the Singapore Massachusetts Institute of Technology Alliance for Research and Technology’s Low Energy Electronics Systems research program (T.B.), and an ERC Advanced Investigator Grant, Novox, ERC-2009-adG247276 (J.L.D.).