Taking care of our future doctors: a service evaluation of a medical student mental health service.


Type
Article
Change log
Authors
Li, Tsz-Yan 
Martin, Zoe 
Burren, Amanda 
Watson, Peter 
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Studies suggest medical students experience high levels of mental distress during training but are less likely, than other students, to access care due to stigma and concerns regarding career progression. In response, The School of Clinical Medicine, University of Cambridge supported the development of the 'Clinical Student Mental Health Service' to provide specialist input for this vulnerable group. This study evaluates the efficiency and effectiveness of this service. METHODS: Using mixed-methods, cross-sectional analysis of validated psychiatric rating scales and qualitative feedback, 89 responses were analysed from 143 clinical students referred, between 2015 and 2019. The care pathway included initial review by a psychiatrist, who triaged students to psychologists delivering therapies including: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Interpersonal Therapy, Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing Therapy or Cognitive Analytic Therapy. Efficiency was assessed by waiting times for psychiatry and psychology interventions, and number of sessions. Academic outcomes included school intermission and graduation. Clinical effectiveness was analysed by measuring global distress, depression, anxiety, functioning and suicidal risk. Pre/post intervention changes were captured using t-test and McNemar test with thematic analysis of qualitative feedback. RESULTS: Referral rates increased from 3.93% (22/560) in 2015 to 6.74% (45/668) in 2018. Median waiting times for initial psychiatric assessment and start of therapy was 26 and 33 days, respectively. All graduating students moved on to work as junior doctors. Levels of distress, (t = 7.73, p < 0.001, df = 31), depression (t = 7.26, p < 0.001, df = 34) anxiety (Z = - 4.63, p < 0.001) and suicide risk (Z = - 3.89, p < 0.001) were significantly reduced. Participant's functioning was significantly improved (p < 0.001, 99.5% CI 4.55 to 14.62). Feedback indicated high satisfaction with the rapid access and flexibility of the service and the team clinicians. CONCLUSIONS: A significant proportion of medical students attending the service scored highly on validated rating scales measuring emotional distress, suicidality and mental illness. Reassuringly they benefitted from timely specialist mental health input, showing improvements in mental well-being and improved functioning. The development and design of this service might serve as an exemplar for medical schools developing similar support for their students.

Description
Keywords
Fitness to practice, Higher education, Medical Student, Mental disorders, Service evaluation, Adult, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Male, Mental Disorders, Mental Health Services, Program Evaluation, Psychological Distress, Students, Medical, Surveys and Questionnaires, Treatment Outcome, Young Adult
Journal Title
BMC Med Educ
Conference Name
Journal ISSN
1472-6920
1472-6920
Volume Title
20
Publisher
Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Sponsorship
Medical Research Council (MC_UU_00005/14)