Influence of Embedment Conditions on Long-Term Basement Heave in Over-Consolidated Clay

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Madabhushi, G 
Walford, C 
Solera, S 
Williamson, M 

jats:titleAbstract</jats:title>jats:pDeep excavations in over-consolidated clays lead to swelling of the clay, which can exert large swell pressures on the basement slabs. In this paper, four prototype scenarios of basement construction in over-consolidated clay were investigated using both centrifuge modelling and finite element modelling. The main aim was to discern the effects of two aspects of embedment on long-term heave behaviour when relatively flexible and relatively stiff slabs were employed. The extension of diaphragm side walls below the formation level and the presence of a drainage layer between the slab and the clay were investigated. The results confirm that the use of a drainage layer would shorten the time of consolidation as expected. The variations in embedment conditions would also cause some redistribution of heave displacements, though the magnitude of such redistribution is relatively small, both when compared to the overall magnitudes of heave displacement and when compared to the effect of varying base slab stiffness on heave displacement.</jats:p>


Acknowledgements: The authors would like to thank technicians Mr. J.A. Chandler, Mr. K.D. Pether, Mr. M. Smith, and Mr. C.J. McGinnie for facilitating the experiments and to Mr. A. Locke, Mr. K. Miller, Dr. R. Tan, Prof. A.S. O’Brien, Dr. W. Kesse, and Dr. Y.S. Hsu for their advice on numerical modelling and current construction practices.

Funder: Mott MacDonald

4005 Civil Engineering, 40 Engineering, 4019 Resources Engineering and Extractive Metallurgy
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Indian Geotechnical Journal
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Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/L016095/1)