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Comparative outcomes of radiofrequency ablation for Barrett's oesophagus with different baseline histology.

Accepted version
Peer-reviewed

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Type

Article

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Authors

Tan, Wei Keith 
Rattan, Arti 
O'Donovan, Maria 
Nuckcheddy, Tara 
Alias, Bincy 

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is currently recommended for dysplastic Barrett's oesophagus (BO); however, there are limited data on treatment response when stratified by baseline histology. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to evaluate RFA outcomes and durability for BO with different baseline histology. METHODS: Patients treated with RFA between 2007 and 2017 at a single institution were retrospectively included. Outcome measures were: (a) complete remission of dysplasia (CRD) and intestinal metaplasia (CRIM) at 18 months, (b) complication rate and (c) durability of CRD and CRIM. RESULTS: A total of 148 patients underwent RFA, of whom 113 completed the treatment protocol (21 low-grade dysplasia (LGD), 46 high-grade dysplasia (HGD) and 46 intramucosal carcinoma (IMC)). CRD and CRIM were achieved in 94.7% and 78.8% of patients, respectively. When stratified by baseline histology, there was no significant difference in CRD between groups (LGD, 95.2%; HGD, 95.7%; and IMC, 93.5%; p = 0.89). Similarly, there was no significant difference in CRIM between groups (LGD, 71.4%; HGD, 76.1% and IMC, 87.0%; p = 0.39). CRD and CRIM durability at 24 months for LGD, HGD and IMC were 100%, 97.7% and 100% (log rank p = 0.31), and 100%, 89.0% and 95.5%, respectively (log rank p = 0.62). CONCLUSION: Baseline histology is not a predictor of RFA response. Once CRD and CRIM are achieved, these effects are durable over time.

Description

Keywords

Barrett’s oesophagus, high-grade dysplasia, intramucosal carcinoma, low-grade dysplasia, radiofrequency ablation

Journal Title

United European Gastroenterol J

Conference Name

Journal ISSN

2050-6406
2050-6414

Volume Title

6

Publisher

Wiley

Rights

All rights reserved