Repository logo

Assessment of non-invasive ICP during CSF infusion test: an approach with transcranial Doppler.

Change log


Robba, C 
Cabella, BCT 


BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare four non-invasive intracranial pressure (nICP) methods in a prospective cohort of hydrocephalus patients whose cerebrospinal fluid dynamics was investigated using infusion tests involving controllable test-rise of ICP. METHOD: Cerebral blood flow velocity (FV), ICP and non-invasive arterial blood pressure (ABP) were recorded in 53 patients diagnosed for hydrocephalus. Non-invasive ICP methods were based on: (1) interaction between FV and ABP using black-box model (nICP_BB); (2) diastolic FV (nICP_FVd); (3) critical closing pressure (nICP_CrCP); (4) transcranial Doppler-derived pulsatility index (nICP_PI). Correlation between rise in ICP (∆ICP) and ∆nICP and averaged correlations for changes in time between ICP and nICP during infusion test were investigated. RESULTS: From baseline to plateau, all nICP estimators increased significantly. Correlations between ∆ICP and ∆nICP were better represented by nICP_PI and nICP_BB: 0.45 and 0.30 (p < 0.05). nICP_FVd and nICP_CrCP presented non-significant correlations: -0.17 (p = 0.21), 0.21 (p = 0.13). For changes in ICP during individual infusion test nICP_PI, nICP_BB and nICP_FVd presented similar correlations with ICP: 0.39 ± 0.40, 0.39 ± 0.43 and 0.35 ± 0.41 respectively. However, nICP_CrCP presented a weaker correlation (R = 0.29 ± 0.24). CONCLUSIONS: Out of the four methods, nICP_PI was the one with best performance for predicting changes in ∆ICP during infusion test, followed by nICP_BB. Unreliable correlations were shown by nICP_FVd and nICP_CrCP. Changes of ICP observed during the test were expressed by nICP values with only moderate correlations.



CSF infusion test, Cerebral blood flow velocity, Non-invasive ICP monitoring, Transcranial Doppler, Adult, Blood Flow Velocity, Cerebrovascular Circulation, Female, Humans, Hydrocephalus, Intracranial Pressure, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Ultrasonography, Doppler, Transcranial

Journal Title

Acta Neurochir (Wien)

Conference Name

Journal ISSN


Volume Title



Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Medical Research Council (G0600986)
Medical Research Council (G9439390)
Medical Research Council (G0001237)
Medical Research Council (G0600986/1)
DC is supported by a Cambridge Commonwealth, European & International Trust Scholarship, University of Cambridge. JD is supported by a Woolf Fisher Trust Scholarship. XL is supported by a Gates Cambridge Trust Scholarship. BCTC is supported by CNPQ (Research Project 203792/2014-9). DC and MC are partially supported by NIHR Brain Injury Healthcare Technology Co-operative, Cambridge, UK.