The supermassive black hole coincident with the luminous transient ASASSN-15lh

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Krühler, T 
Fraser, M 
Leloudas, G 
Schulze, S 
Stone, NC 

The progenitors of astronomical transients are linked to a specific stellar population and galactic environment, and observing their host galaxies hence constrains the physical nature of the transient itself. Here, we use imaging from the Hubble Space Telescope, and spatially resolved, medium-resolution spectroscopy from the Very Large Telescope obtained with X-shooter and MUSE to study the host of the very luminous transient ASASSN-15lh. The dominant stellar population at the transient site is old (around 1 to 2 Gyr) without signs of recent star formation. We also detect emission from ionized gas, originating from three different, time invariable, narrow components of collisionally excited metal and Balmer lines. The ratios of emission lines in the Baldwin-Phillips-Terlevich diagnostic diagram indicate that the ionization source is a weak active galactic nucleus with a black hole mass of M•= 5-3+8× 108MâŠ, derived through the M•-σ relation. The narrow line components show spatial and velocity offsets on scales of 1 kpc and 500 km s-1, respectively; these offsets are best explained by gas kinematics in the narrow-line region. The location of the central component, which we argue is also the position of the supermassive black hole, aligns with that of the transient within an uncertainty of 170 pc. Using this positional coincidence as well as other similarities with the hosts of tidal disruption events, we strengthen the argument that the transient emission observed as ASASSN-15lh is related to the disruption of a star around a supermassive black hole, most probably spinning with a Kerr parameter a•â0.5.

`stars: individual: ASASSN-15lh, quasars: supermassive black holes
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Astronomy & Astrophysics
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EDP Sciences
European Research Council (695671)
T.K. acknowledges support through the Sofja Kovalevskaja Award to P. Schady from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation of Germany. M.F. acknowledges the support of a Royal Society – Science Foundation Ireland University Research Fellowship. N.C.S. received financial support from NASA through Einstein Postdoctoral Fellowship Award Number PF5-160145, and thanks the Aspen Center for Physics for its hospitality during the completion of this work. D.A.K. acknowledges support from the from the Spanish research project AYA 2014-58381-P and the Juan de la Cierva Incorporación fellowship IJCI-2015-26153. R.A. acknowledges support from the ERC Advanced Grant 695671 “QUENCH”.